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Thursday, September 21, 2017

Life Cycle Cost Awareness in Bhutanese Construction Industry

A book published. Self authored. Go through the abstract. Thank you. 

Significant knowledge gaps exist in the knowledge of Life Cycle Costing and the alternatives selection of building materials in the construction industry. In order to fulfill the gaps a questionnaire survey was developed for 319 respondents in using the Life Cycle Costing for the Bhutanese construction industry. Life Cycle Cost Analysis of selected components of the selected building was done taking into account relevant economic factors: initial costs, maintenance and operational costs.

The maintenance and operation costs are generally ignored in building industry especially in design stage. For this research, the method of LCC, present worth cost approach was evaluated with projection of building service life as 60 years, inflation rate as 9.07% and discount rate as 0%.

A book published by Lambert Academic Publishing 

About 52% of the respondents do not have idea about LCC when making investment decisions nor do they not take maintenance, operation and replacement cost into consideration. The lack of significant input-cost data and lack of experience appears to be the most important problem supported by 78% responded lack of experience and 62% responded lack of significant input-cost data.

The LCC analysis showed that ceramic tiles, pre-painted CGI sheet and LED lamp has the lowest life cycle cost among the many material alternatives available in the market, that is, 16% for LED lamp, 13% for ceramic tiles and 64% for pre-painted CGI sheet.

Click the link to buy if anyone wish to use it for academic purpose or any related research reference. 

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Friday, January 13, 2017

Gold Mother

Mostly wander I swing deprived missing nearby eatable,
In the golden fur of beautiful raiment cover.

Jumping madly off the branches with mates
And peaceful rest to feed kiddo makes the wander wonder.

Golden Langur of Zhemgang

Profound dark face; golden raiment cover of gold & long extreme tail
You are named Golden Langur. 

Languorous care for the little one on the creepy branches,
Lively lovely gold mother, I see in you as I stare.
I recede with smile... 

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Wednesday, January 11, 2017


Some years ago, I promise to keep my blog up-to-date. That was when I was a college student. Exactly, with the new beginning of 2017 I am two years in service. Student and working life is two complete different things. The focus target being student is only one - study. Service life comes with numerous plans and targets. Moreover working with road sector, someone needs to adjust with many ad hoc activities and get least time to sit in office and do paper works.
More than seventy percent of time is spent out of office at sites monitoring and supervising various works. It is tough at times especially during monsoon seasons. Better I don't elaborate more on my working life now. I will share my experiences in times to come. In the meantime, I have few resolutions for the year which both concern my professional and personal life.
1.       Ghat tracing survey to connect Zhemgang and Mongar
2.        Walk from Khomshar to Ringdibi
3.       Read 20 books
4.       Learn Total Station instrument and LisCAD software fully
5.       Write life experiences as road engineer
6.       Learn RevitArchitect software fully and design Sub-Division office
7.       Reduce site visit and spend more time in office.
8.       Learn driving & basic mechanics of car  
9.       Learn more photography skills

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Monday, July 18, 2016

Financial Year 2016 - 2017

The road history of Upper Kheng (UK) is under making. The most controversial GC road construction in the history of Department of Roads has been completed. Formation cutting for additional length of 1.24km to the newly proposed Gewog centre is yet to complete with trace cutting already reached its termination point. Formation cutting of Bardo Gewog centre road (Therang - Khomshar GC road) will be completed within this financial year 2016 -2017. Trace cutting has already been terminated at the Gewog centre. 
Beautiful Khomshar before road construction
Survey work for the new road that will connect Khomshar under Zhemgang and Wama under Mongar Dzongkhag is underway with Lingmithang regional office undertaking the feasibility survey. The road construction activity is in 12th fifth year plan. The road will connect central and Eastern Dzongkhag. 

Construction completion of GC roads has welcomed many farm roads under Shingkhar and Bardo Gewogs. Within 2015 -2016 financial year, two farm roads to Radhi and Thrisa village with 7.10 km and 9.17km respectively started its construction. Another two farm roads to Changkhar and Thajong is yet to start. 

Bardo Gewog's farm roads to Phulabi and Dratshang (Gonpa) awaits for trace cutting of GC road to reach Gewog centre since all takeoff points of the farm roads are from Gewog centre. Factually, UK's development mode is on. 
Thrisa Farm road takeoff from GC road
With Chamkharchu Hydropower soon to start, roads condition and people's lives will be drastically improved. 

Nimshong Sub-division office is mandated for management of road projects of UK. It has blacktopping and maintenance of Buli - Nimshong (30.2km) and Phumithang Dratshang (3.35km), formation cutting of Shingkhar and Bardo GC roads works at hand. 

Budget proposal for the fiscal year 2016 - 2017 amounting to roughly Nu. 150.00 million was farsighted move. Among various proposed improvement activities of GC roads, budget for construction of only three Bailey bridges were approved with RGoB financing. 

Government has pledged and prioritized blacktopping of all Gewog centre roads within 2018.  Within those two financial years period, Shingkhar GC and Bardo GC road till Bardo contemplate to complete. The total GC roads to blacktop lengthen to 59.06km after completion of Therang - Khomshar GC road. 

Therefore, as per the fiscal budget approval and work plan accordingly, I wish for timely release of the budget and timely completion of work. 

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Tuesday, June 21, 2016

My driver got a Gift

I and my teammates consisting of forest range officer, junior engineers and driver were on excursion one fine sunday to Chamkhar chu and nearby small stream. The day was filled with joy. We collected fern and mushroom. We tried luck to bait trout. Not for killing and eating but for outlandish study by engineer. It was long wait sitting on the huge boulder eyeing to feel the jerk. There was no bite. 

Crab found in Sibjigang stream

After that we went on to small tributary. We left no stone unturned in search of trout to see how really it look like. I heard, it is one among the most delicious fish. Finally, we got one. Ranger confirmed it to be snow trout. I photographed it.

In the meanwhile, I posed for photographs with fish on palm. I directed my driver to focus on trout on the palm with blur background. The fish was stifling without water. After few shutter sound, I said, "it is ok, enough. The fish is dying". 

Snow trout found in tributary of Chamkhar chu

After awhile we took rest under the cool umbrella of huge tree. We drank Foster and juice to self refresh. I was going through the photos snapped during our course of exhaustive fishing.
'Where is my photo with fish', I enquired him. 'Here', he pointed to the photo below after scrolling few photos

A gift or token of remembrance. Simply cool!!

I was like WHAT?!!! after seeing the photo. He was simply smiling and said; 'keep it as a token of long remembrance sir'.

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